The following information has been gathered and compiled over a period of years, through personal experience, while traveling, teaching classes that include T’ai Chi, Qi Gong, herbal information, martial arts and other health related subjects. The article also contains feedback from students and anecdotal information from readers of my columns. The following are my opinions and deductions from those sources. There is no real cure as such for over-pronation, however a lot can be done to prevent it. The most effective way to minimise over-pronation and its effects on the body is by wearing orthotics inside the shoes.
Fallen arches are not normal. Usually it happens when the tendon that holds and supports the arch (the posterior tibial tendon) weakens or tears. This tendon can weaken with age, weight gain or flat feet. The problem is very subtle at first and may just present itself as subtle aching of the inside ankle and/or arch. Another cause of this pelvic dysfunction is the stress exerted by the internal organs. As the internal organs experience distress, they affect the reflex muscles. As an example, when the adrenal glands are under stress, they may cause reflex pain to the lumbar spinal muscles.
A number of geologists have told me that arches are inherently temporary; that they all eventually succumb to the forces of gravity and erosion, and the inevitable re-arrangement of their sedimentary particles. Take heart though, many more are undergoing their epoch-long creation even as we speak; each arch being the product of millions of years of deposition and scouring. The geological art gallery we know as Arches National Park does not seem in eminent danger of destruction. Why? I was stupid enough to live without health insurance. I was stupid to have taken risks. Instead of cutting back on something I thought I needed, I went without an essential.
Many times, the absence of arches is idiopathic, meaning there is no known cause for the disorder. It is wise to seek medical evaluation if one suspects that his or her arches have fallen. Those who have been afflicted with this condition from birth will likely benefit from orthopedic devices such as those mentioned above. East Penn Foot and Ankle Associates offers a permanent, minimally invasive correction for flat feet caused by Talotarsal dislocation For more information on this procedure, download the Hyprocure patient brochure here The height of the arch determines pronation and foot type.The arch height of the foot can easily be checked using the wet feet test
You can also get arch foot pain from flat foot or a pronated foot. The latter two conditions are caused by structural imbalances in the feet. You can also get arch foot pain from osteoarthritis. This is arthritis in the bones and joints in the midfoot region. This osteoarthritis is what causes arch foot pain. In case of regular flat footwear – whereby Metatarsalgia is caused by over-pronation – a full-length orthotic insoles with arch support as well as metatarsal support is recommended to prevent and relieve pain the ball of the foot.
Having flat feet does not decrease running speed, or hamper usability of your feet, but can cause pain. When there is no arch in your foot a lot of other parts of your feet have to compensate. This can bring about pain in the legs or back because of the strain on the calves. Fallen arches can also lead to Plantar Fasciitis, which can happen when the bottom of the feet stretches too far and begins to tear or becomes inflamed. In some cases of flat feet, the sole of the foot will become rigid.
You have flat feet!”, Have you heard your friend exclaim this way? Well, if you have and not understood what she meant, then let me tell you that having flat feet is no serious ailment that you have endured. Flat feet, in the actual, is a condition that makes your feet fall flat on the ground minus the arches. Some people do not sustain any troubles without the arches. They have no pain and they also do not feel the pressure being exerted on their foot. Flat feet can be corrected with a few over-the-counter exercises that you could very well perform within the comforts of your home.
When a person’s posterior tibial nerve is pinched, he may experience symptoms that include pain, numbness, tingling or burning anywhere along the nerve’s path from the ankle into the foot. ACFAS notes that tarsal tunnel syndrome is similar to carpal tunnel syndrome, which is a wrist condition involving entrapment or pinching of the median nerve as it travels from the forearm into the hand through the confined space of the carpal tunnel. People with flat feet tend to pronate or roll their feet inwards when they walk. This causes the leg to rotate inwards. With internal rotation, there is stress on the hips that results in hip pain.
The best running shoes for flat feet are especially designed to minimize the risk of injuries which can happen as a direct result of jogging and running, as well as other types of exercise. The arch is designed to be a natural shock absorber. This means that all the pressure which is applied is spread throughout your whole foot. This protects your ankles, knees and hips as well as your lower back. These supports and insoles are available in a variety of forms and sizes; depend on the type of your footwear. Below are some types of arch supports that are used hugely by flat footed people.